Sydney Opera House, Opera House located in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbor), New South Wales, Australia. The unique use of a series of shining white cell-shaped shells due to its roof structure is one of the most photographed buildings in the world.
The Sydney Opera House is located at Bennelong Point (originally called Kettle Point), just south of the harbor on the south side of the Sydney Harbor Bridge. It was named for Bennelong, one of two Aborigines (the other was Colby) who worked as a liaison between Australian British settlers and the local population. A small building where Bennelong lived once occupied the site. Fort Macquarie was built there in 1821 (abolished 1902). In 1947, the Eugene Gossenson, a resident of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, identified the city’s need for a major Australian music facility that would become the home of not only the symphony orchestra but also the opera and chamber music groups. The New South Wales Government agreed that the city should want to be recognized as a global cultural capital, it was officially approved and in 1954 an advisory group, the Opera House Committee, was selected to select a site. Gone. Earlier next year, the committee recommended Bennelong Point.
In 1956, the state government-sponsored an international competition for the design, which included a two-story building – one primarily for concerts and other major music and dance productions, and the other for dramatic performances and small music. For programs. Architects from 30 countries submitted 233 entries. In January 1957, the Judiciary Committee announced the winning entry of Danish architect Jaron Utz ،n, who achieved success with a dramatic design, with two main halls facing the harbor on a large podium. Each hall had a row of cell-shaped interfacing panels that would act as both a roof and a wall, in which the concrete was made of concrete.
His win streak gave Utzon an international reputation. However, the construction, which began in 1959, raised a variety of problems, resulting in the modern nature of many designs. The opera house was initially started in Australia for 1963 (January 26), but cost overruns and structural engineering difficulties encountered in designing the design, which led to problems during the work. Due to too many delays. The project became controversial, and public opinion went against it for a time. Ozan resigned in 1966 after a constant disagreement with the government officials overseeing the project. Construction continued until September 1973, under the supervision of structural engineering firm Ave Europe and Partners and three Sydney architects Peter Hall, David Little Moore, and Lionel Todd.
In 1999, Utzgen agreed to return as a building architect, overseeing the improvement plan. It redesigned the former reception hall and reopened it in 2004 as the Upton Room. It has an eastern view of Sydney Harbor and is used for receptions, seminars, and other meetings and chamber music performances. Two years later a new colonial process was completed, with the first modification to the exterior of the Opera House after 1973.
The Opera House is Sydney’s most famous landmark. It is a multipurpose performing arts facility with the largest venue, concert hall symphony with 2,679 seating concerts, choir performances and a host of popular music shows. Opera and dance performances, including ballet, take place in the Opera Theater, which sets just over 1,500. There are also three theaters of different sizes and arrangements for stage plays, movie performances, and small musical performances. The forecourt, used for outdoor performances, on the southeast corner of the complex. The building also has a restaurant and a professional recording studio. In 2007, the Opera House was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.